The single market

I’m woke up in 05:00 to read newspapers and watching a BBC One to understand UK politics. Britain faces a tough discussion to stay or leave from European Union. German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schäeble talks to UK stay on single market while London mayor Boris Johnson upheld his case to leave from EU because of the European super state.

The passionate views over single market is very important to understand the discussion to stay or leave EU. Eurosceptics like Justice Secretary Michael Gove and Pensions and Work Secretary Iain Duncan Smith raises the question to European Union becomes a super state ahead influence of national parliaments to veto EU laws and bring back some powers was transfered to European Parliament.

When UK has entered on EEC in 1972. Then British Prime Minister Edward Heath views Europe was a goal on economic issues like gain access to single market. But EU turns a European federarion with huge powers in Brussels. It was criticised by many UK PMs as Margaret Thatcher and David Cameron in response to domestic demand to tackle immigration and curb benefits.

Either Schäeble or Johnson has upheld single market. But both has different views to handle it. The German Finance Minister views it like the soul of European integration while London Mayor upheld his opinion of it as free trade zone and Britain want to talk with other countries to reach a free trade agreements without EU intervention on that issue.

The great battle to decide to UK decides to stay or leave European Union is just begun with fierce discussions over that. Schäeble sees the single market as the keen goal to Britain to remain in EU while Johnson don’t want European rules for British issues to solves their problems. The EU referendum is more important than a simple discussion over a single market.

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Boris and EU

A few moments ago. London Mayor Boris Johnson has announced his support for Leave campaign on EU referendum on next June. He said he has decided “after a huge amount of heartache” to campaign for Britain to leave the EU.

He said the EU was eroding British sovereignty and PM David Cameron’s reform deal would not bring about the fundamental change that was needed.

This decision bring back a stalemate among conservatives. Johnson has criticised Cameron to not reach a deal over UK’s parliament sovereignty over EU laws. He gets support by conservative candidate a London Mayor, Zac Goldsmith. Boris always quoted to be next Tory leader, but him declares his loyalty for David Cameron to stay in government despite a leave victory on referendum.

The topic of British sovereignty is very important to understands Boris’ decision. Cameron promises to give back somo powers from Brussels to London like national parliament could be veto EU laws. Johnson vows to fight over that on few days ago. He asked the PM over this. David make an statement over this in parliament, But don’t convince Boris about this.

Many political pundits see Boris as next Tory leader. Johnson is a very popular politician on UK after his mayoralship as London Mayor. His comeback to parliament in May 2015 as MP of London’s districy of Uxbridge and South Rouslip give him confidence to upheld his views and becames a close aide to give advice for Cameron on policy issues like EU referendum.

The decision to back Leave campaign shows an unexpected skill of Boris to led political issues. Johnson said he don’t want to fight with Cameron on parliament. The row between Cameron and Johnson could split conservatives for 4 months ahead. The battle of personalites and their arguments is very essential to understands the future of United Kingdom in European Union.

 

Portugal goes to the polls

Portugal goes to the polls to choose a new president. The frontrunner is conservative TV pundit Marcelo Rebelo de Souza. He best known as professor Marcelo and founder of centre right Social Democratic Party. The polling station will close on 17:00 and first to be declared on 19:00 on local time. Why Portugal want a conservative president to look over a socialist government?

Portuguese political system allows the president to dismiss the goverment and call snap elections. Nowadays, the centre right coalition has won the polls on last October, But Socialist Party have a majority to form a government and survives of confidence vote on parliament. So, the prime-minister Antonio Costa faces a huge challenge on economic issues and taken part on stable coalition.

Rabelo has vowed stability if him will elect as president. But presidential polls has 10 candidates. Whether any contender has overtakes a 50% thresold. Portugal faces a run off in 14 Ferbuary. The conservative hopeful faces a splited centre left has two contenders like professor Antonio Sampaio de Novoa and former Health minister Maria Belem de Roseira in this elections.

Portugal has faced a huge economic crisis and gain a bailout by IMF in exchange of sweeping cuts. Now, economy has growth. But hasn’t enough. Rabelo promises to be close from others countries like Brazil and former Portugueses colonies in Africa as Angola and Moçambique. That job is very difficult to be made for a conservative president with socialist government.

Portuguese nationals are very anxious to choose a next president. Many Rabelo’s supporters believes him as the man to save the country from political turmoil as it live in. His son who lives in Brazil give an statement to Brazilian newspaper which said him is very prepare to the job. When the polls will close in Portugal. We know the results and future of that country.

 

 

Polish dictatorship?

Poland lives a political turmoil. The new government has approved laws to undermine justice and media. It raised concerns by European Union. EU commissioner for the Digital Economy, Guenther Oettinger, said: “There are solid grounds for us to activate the rule of law mechanism and put Warsaw under monitoring.”

The new media law give powers to government a direct control over top appointments in public broadcasting. It undermines free speech, critics say. On Saturday, The directors of four channels of TVP has resigned to protest against it. The Polish news website Dziennik named them as: Piotr Radziszewski (TVP1), Jerzy Kapuscinski (TVP2), Katarzyna Janowska (TVP Kultura) and Tomasz Sygut (Television Information Agency).

In an interview with Germany’s Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (FAZ) newspaper, Oettinger said he would raise the Polish media law issue at a meeting of the Commission on 13 January. Under the EU’s rule of law mechanism, adopted last year, the Commission can escalate pressure on a member state to amend any measure that is considered a “systemic threat” to fundamental EU values.

The populist government of Justice and Law Party want to reshape Poland under its point of view. But EU commission could be veto new media law. In the last resort, a state’s voting rights in the EU Council – where government ministers shape EU policy – can be suspended. The Commission is the EU’s top regulator, enforcing EU treaties.

Last week, Polish parliament has approved a new Constitutional Court reform which undermines their powers.  Over Media Law, the PiS says new managers are needed at the top of state institutions because the previous centre-right Civic Platform party allowed corruption to flourish. Poles, goes to the streets again.

 

Cecil Rhodes and Woodrow Wilson

Many students has accomplished to remove racism symbols. In US, Princeton University faces protests by them to remove the name of former president Woodrow Wilson from their Administration School. In UK, Oxford university lives a turmoil by scholars to withdraw the state of South African leader Cecil Rhodes.

Many political figures like former Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott and South African ex-president FW De Klerk has criticised it.  De Klerk said South Africa’s white Afrikaner population had many reasons to dislike Rhodes but “never thought of removing his name from our history”.

Former Australian PM Tony Abbott has also said the statue should stay. Mr Abbott, a Rhodes Scholar, said removing the statue would “substitute moral vanity for fair-minded enquiry”.

De Klerk, in a letter to the Times newspaper, said that “for better or worse”, Rhodes had made an impact on history, which included the positive contribution of his scholarship scheme.

“If the political correctness of today were applied consistently, very few of Oxford’s great figures would pass scrutiny,” he said.

He pointed out that Rhodes had been “the architect of the Anglo-Boer War that had a disastrous impact on our people, yet the National Party government never thought of removing his name from our history”.

De Klerk also criticised Oriel College’s decision to consult on the future of the statue, and remove a plaque honouring Rhodes.

The college, he said, should be “a little more gracious in its treatment of its most generous benefactor” and suggested if his legacy was so “reprehensible” then it should consider returning Rhodes’ bequest to the victims of British imperialism in South Africa, the Times reports.

In US, anti-racism activists has pledge the removal of the name of Wodrow Wilson because of his rascist remarks. The Princeton University has considerer the proposal made by students. The Black Justice League lead the protesters, who have called for the university to both remove Wilson’s name from the international affairs school and his name and photograph from other public spaces on campus.

Should Rhodes and Wilson to be forgotten for political correctness? The answer: I don’t know

 

What we means?

In 1992, then Australian Prime Minister Paul Keating makes a remarkable speech over indigenous issues. He pledge sorry for them by the acts against that people. Now, the australian version of UK Guardian mewspaper does an analysis of that address made an twenty two years ago by linguistics view.

The Redfern speech is interesting effort to reconciliation among australians. The indigenous has pursuited for many year for racist act made by th state. The move comes by Labor PMs like Gough Whitlam, Bob Hawke and Paul Keating. They’re vows to not tolerate the prejudice against that people.

The article written by Gavin Harris is very interesting to explain the use of the word we in many languages the speech was translated. In that address, we means “we non-indigenous australians”. Others sentences which said “We committed the murders.” and he added: I think what we need to do is open our hearts a bit. All of us.

Many indigenous leaders aren’t trust on Keating’s speech. They is so emotional address made by another Labor PM, Kevin Rudd in 2007 where he pledge sorry for all aborigine Australians by the acts made by previously governments like forced adoptions and don’t recognises them as Australians nationals.

The Redfern speech is a pivotal moment on Australia’s history because a Prime Minister has acknowledge the trouble legacy of racism and prejudice against indigenous ones. Now, Australia is prepare to change history and makes further steps to reconciliation among Australians for a better future.

The rise of Front National

On Sunday, French goes to the polls to choose the new leaders on regional elections. Many analysts is very surprise of rise of far right Front National. The party are led by Marine Le Pen. It’s a first election since the 11/13 attacks. The centre-right Les Republicans and Socialist are very poor performance on that.

Marine overtakes her family feud with her father and FN’s founder Jean-Marie earlier this year. Now, the party has projections to get many regions to boost Marine to be a presidential candidate on 2017 elections. The Front National is frontrunner on national polls, but it’s ready to conquer only two regions.

Marine makes a complete reshuffle on FN. Now, french trust her to faces many challenges like terrorism, migration and European Union. In interview to British Sunday Times paper, She said Brexit is a new Berlin wall fall to EU, which has criticised it by its bureaucracy and another problems.

She and her niece Marion will be first FN members to be elected to regions chiefs. Marine Le Pen is likely to win in the northern region of Nord-Pas-De-Calais-Picardie, while her niece Marion Marechal-Le Pen is a leading contender in Provence-Alpes-Cote d’Azur in the south. It’s a nightmare to Socialist Party.

French Prime Minister Manuel Valls made an “appeal to patriotism” on Thursday in an effort to rally the Socialist vote. Many french people is very angry with ruling Socialist party  and don’t trust on centre-right Les Republicans party led by Nicolas Sarkozy. Now, it’s time for Marine and the rise of far right in France.