Ukraine: Kerry and Lavrov hold Geneva discussions

US and Russia has many disagreements over Ukraine. US secretary of state John Kerry meets with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov to discuss this. Kerry accuses Russia over lying about its role on Ukrainian civil war on eastern side of that country. Conclusion: Both men goes to Geneva for nothing.

Advertisements

Ukraine: US welcomes Minsk peace agreement despite Russia scepticism

After a long night of talks. Ukraine and Russia has reach a deal brokered by France and Germany on Belarus. The Minsk agreement includes:

  • Ceasefire to begin at 00:01 local time on 15 February
  • Heavy weapons to be withdrawn, beginning on 16 February and completed in two weeks
  • All prisoners to be released; amnesty for those involved in fighting
  • Withdrawal of all foreign troops and weapons from Ukrainian territory. Disarmament of all illegal groups
  • Ukraine to allow resumption of normal life in rebel areas, by lifting restrictions
  • Constitutional reform to enable decentralisation for rebel regions by the end of 2015
  • Ukraine to control border with Russia if conditions met by the end of 2015

After the agreement has sealed. Russian president Vladimir Putin told Russian television: “It wasn’t the best night for me, but it’s a good morning.”

German Chancellor Angela Merkel said it offered a “glimmer of hope”, while French President Francois Hollande said “the coming hours will be decisive”.

The White House welcomed the agreement as a “potentially significant step” but expressed concern over reports of continued fighting in eastern Ukraine.

“All the parties must show complete restraint in the run-up to the Sunday ceasefire, including an immediate halt to the Russian and separatist assault on Debaltseve and other Ukrainian towns,” Mr Kerry said in statement

Separatists gave the agreement a cautious welcome but Donetsk rebel leader Alexander Zakharchenko said Kiev would be to blame if the deal collapsed and warned that there would “be no meetings and no new agreements”.

Mr Poroshenko – who had accused Russia of making “unacceptable” demands – said rebels had launched an offensive after the agreement was announced.

Conclusion: Ukrainians and Russians, give a chance for peace.

World Affairs: US defends John Kerry stay in blacklisted Myanmar hotel

US has imposed many sanctions against authoritarian countries across the globe. It’s a create a headache for Secretary of State John Kerry. He and his staff stays on Hotel Lake Garden in Myanmar. But that hotel belongs to businessman who had links for military rulers. US defends its. What’s it means: US should be consult the couples of lists sanctions before to travel in any country in the world.

Afghanistan 2014: Ghani calls for poll audit

The presidential polls is so complicated in Afghanistan. After complaints of electoral fraud. Vote leader Ashraf Ghani has called for poll audit. He meets with US Secretary of State John Kerry in Kabul. Kerry meets with Ghani’s rival Abdullah Abdullah

The audit would help ensure the “integrity and the legitimacy that the people of Afghanistan and the world will believe in,” Mr Ghani said.

“No one is declaring victory at this time. The results have yet to be finalised and so those questions have to be resolved and I’m very appreciative that Dr Ghani respects that” Kerry said

Afghan’s silent thinking: Who’s the winner?

Crimea crisis: US and Russia no agreement over it

On Friday, US Secretary of State John Kerry meets with his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov over Ukraine. USA and Russia don’t reach any deal over it and said has no common vision for crisis in Ukraine. Kerry and Lavrov has a six-hour meeting in US ambassador’s residency in London. Lavrov called his London meeting with John Kerry “constructive” Kerry said the US was “deeply concerned” about Russia sending troops to the Ukraine border and in Crimea. Lavrov said Moscow would respect the result of Sunday’s referendum in Crimea on whether to join Russia but Mr Kerry said the US would not recognise it. What’s it means: Ukraine is deepen on their crisis in Crimea.

Iran nuclear talks: Iran backed out of nuclear deal – John Kerry

After Iran and Western countries didn’t reach a deal on Geneva. During a trip in UAE, US Secretary of State John Kerry  said Iran backed out of a deal on its nuclear programme during talks with world powers in Geneva on Saturday. Also, he comments the French position to blocked the talks:” The French signed off on it; we signed off on it.” Iran had been unable to accept the deal “at that particular moment”, he added. Kerry said he hoped in the next few months they could “find an agreement that meets everyone’s standards”. In interview on Europe 1 radio, French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said ”We are not far from an agreement with the Iranians, but we are not there yet.” What’s it means: Western countries didn’t reach deal with Iran to avoid problems with Israel.

Syria crisis: US and Russia reaches a deal over chemical weapons

After 3 days of intense meetings between US Secretary of State John Kerry and his Russian counterpart Sergey Lavrov. Both foreign ministers reach a deal over Syrian chemical weapons. It previews all chemical weapons under control of Syrian government must be destroy by United Nations (UN) until first half of 2014. If Syria fails to comply, the deal could be enforced a UN resolution backed by sanctions or military force.

In a joint news conference,  Kerry called on the Assad government to live up to its public commitments.”There can be no room for games, or anything less than full compliance by the Assad regime,” he said. Kerry and Lavrov said if Syria failed to comply, then a UN resolution would be sought under Chapter VII of the UN charter, which allows for the use of force.

US believes Syrian government has 1.000 of chemical agents in 45 sites for all the country. Russia not agreed in number of sites nor that they are under control.

The US-Russia agreement has six points:

  1. The amount and type of chemical weapons must be agreed and “rapidly” placed under international control
  2. Syria must submit within one week a comprehensive listing of its stockpiles
  3. Extraordinary procedures under the Chemical Weapons Convention will allow “expeditious destruction”
  4. Syria must give inspectors “immediate, unfettered access” to all sites
  5. All chemical weapons must be destroyed, including the possibility of removing weapons from Syrian territory
  6. UN will provide logistical support, and compliance would be enforced under Chapter VII

White House describes the deal as “an important concrete step” towards putting Syria’s chemical weapons under international control. However, it warned that “if diplomacy fails, the United States remains prepared to act”.

Another US allies such as UK and France has welcomed the deal. French foreign minister  Laurent Fabius said it was an “important advance”. UK Foreign Secretary William Hague said in a statement: “The onus is now on the Assad regime to comply with this agreement in full. The international community, including Russia, must hold the regime to account.”

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said he pledged “the support of the United Nations in its implementation”. However, the military leader of the anti-Assad Free Syrian Army rejected the deal and promised to continue fighting. “There is nothing in this agreement that concerns us,” said Gen Salim Idriss, describing it as a Russian initiative designed to gain time for the Syrian government.

US Republican Senators John McCain and Lindsey Graham said it would give President al-Assad months to “delay and deceive”. “It requires a wilful suspension of disbelief to see this agreement as anything other than the start of a diplomatic blind alley,” they said in a statement.

 Conclusion: The world was relief to avoid the war, but despair to face another genocide without reaction by it.